智慧之書: 麥卡錫收藏中11部罕見的完整藏傳佛經

2017年 11月 25日 – 2018年 01月 28日
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  • 智慧之書: 麥卡錫收藏中11部罕見的完整藏傳佛經

    2017年11月25日-2018年1月27日
    預展 11月25日 3-6pm
    Rossi & Rossi香港
    黃竹坑業發街6號益年工業大廈3樓

    Rossi & Rossi榮幸地宣布新展《智慧之書-麥卡錫收藏中11部罕見的完整藏傳佛經》,展覽將展出來自13-16世紀的11部重要藏經,是一睹中世紀佛經原貌的罕有機會。

    麥卡錫收藏中的經卷涵蓋了多種風格迥異的書法、設計和主題,折射出同時期西藏藝術中的多重影響。其中包括13世紀受到紐瓦爾工匠影響,用金色書寫在藍黑色紙上的佛經;15世紀後的經書在風格和材質上可以看出都受到了中國漢地的影響;而經書形式中的印度起源貫穿始終:頁面中間繪有裝飾風格的圓圈,影射印度造書技術–棕櫚頁不加裝訂,直接用一條線捆綁在一起。

    書寫對於藏轉佛教的重要性不容小视。佛教虽早在7世纪就由印度传入西藏,但是之后一段历史时期对于佛教的迫害意味着直到11世纪佛教才在西藏地区逐渐奠定地位。在這個歷史階段,印度的學者、老師和僧侶越過喜馬拉雅山,帶來了佛教傳播的主要媒介:手抄經書,通常帶有繪圖。到12世紀為止,佛教的主要經典,梵文中稱之為《三藏經》(三藏分別指:經–釋迦摩尼所傳的教義、律–僧團生活的規則、論–用以解釋佛經的著作),已經被翻譯成藏文。13世紀,這些佛經經典首次被整理在一起,14世紀時波頓仁波切對此做了修訂。在11世紀到14世紀的幾百年間,數以百計的佛教寺廟建了起來。每間寺廟都有自己的圖書館。15世紀之後,西藏的每間廟宇都希望擁有三藏經完整的4,569卷經卷,和諸多在此之外常被僧侶和學者參閱的經書。在中原入侵西藏之前,整個地區約有3000-5000間寺廟,其中的90%都遭到了部分或是完全的毀壞。這些廟中的經書也遭受了相似的命運。如今,偶有單頁的經文保存流傳,而完整的、所有頁卷都保存完好的一卷經書卻十分罕見。

    Rossi & Rossi 從1990年代開始陸續展出過喜馬拉雅地區的經卷,當時的首個該類展覽《神聖文字的守護者》在紐約舉行,展覽伴有出版圖錄。

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      345 folios of blue-black paper; script written in silver brush; 24 illuminations
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      23 x 70 x 16.5 cm (9 x 27 ½ x 6 ½ in)

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      360 folios of white paper with faint red borders; script written in black brush; 4 illuminations
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      23 x 68 x 12.5 cm (9 x 26 ¾ x 5 in)

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      Central Tibet
      Ca. 1450
      21 x 67.5 x 14 cm (8 ¼ x 5 ½ x 5 ½ in)

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    • Sutra of the Auspicious Aeon (Bhadrakalpikasutra), two volumes

      Ca. 1350
      More than 500 folios of blue-black mulberry paper burnished with rice powder; script written in gold brush; first volume: 6 large and more than 500 small illuminations; second volume: 4 large and more than 500 small illustrations
      Western Tibet
      Early 14th century
      First volume: 25.5 x 69 x 14.5 cm (10 x 27 ¼ x 5 ¾ in);
      second volume: 23 x 65 x 16 cm (9 x 25 ½ x 6 ¼ in)

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    • Sutra of the Auspicious Aeon (Bhadrakalpikasutra), two volumes

      Ca. 1350
      More than 500 folios of blue-black mulberry paper burnished with rice powder; script written in gold brush; first volume: 6 large and more than 500 small illuminations; second volume: 4 large and more than 500 small illustrations
      Western Tibet
      Early 14th century
      First volume: 25.5 x 69 x 14.5 cm (10 x 27 ¼ x 5 ¾ in);
      second volume: 23 x 65 x 16 cm (9 x 25 ½ x 6 ¼ in)

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      406 folios of raw paper; script written in black brush; 4 illuminations
      Tibet
      Ca. 15th century
      22 x 74 x 13.5 cm (8 ½ x 29 ¼ x 5 ¼ in)

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      353 folios of white composite paper with red ruled lines; script written in black and red brush; 2 large illuminations
      Tibet
      Ca. 1500
      21 x 64.5 x 13.5 cm (8 ¼ x 25 ¼ x 5 ¼ in)

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      More than 450 folios of blue-black paper; script written in alternating gold and silver brush; first volume: 5 large and more than 400 small illuminations; second volume: 6 large and more than 500 small paintings
      Central Tibet
      Late 15th–early 16th century
      First volume: 23.5 x 64 x 11 cm (9 ¼ x 25 ¼ x 4 ¼ in);
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    • The Auspicious Aeon (Bhadrakalpikasutra)

      More than 450 folios of blue-black paper; script written in alternating gold and silver brush; first volume: 5 large and more than 400 small illuminations; second volume: 6 large and more than 500 small paintings
      Central Tibet
      Late 15th–early 16th century
      First volume: 23.5 x 64 x 11 cm (9 ¼ x 25 ¼ x 4 ¼ in);
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      314 folios of blue-black paper; dbu can script written in gold brush
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